Introducing the Juyongguan Great Wall

Juyongguan or Juyong Pass is located 60 kilometers northwest of downtown Beijing in Changping District. It is one of the three greatest passes of the Great Wall in China which is roughly circular with a perimeter of 4,142 meters. The other two great passes are Jiayuguan and Shanhaiguan. There is an 18 kilometers long valley called “Guangou” from south to north in Changping, with 4 passes along the valley named “Nankou, Juyongguan, Shangguan and Badaling”. They were of great strategic importance in defending Beijing. Juyongguan is one of the important passes along the valley, and also the most famous one. It was built in a gap between two mountain peaks with only one road leading to Beijing, which determined its military significance in ancient times through many dynasties. The name “Juyong” in Chinese means a place for gathering laborers. History The Great Wall at Juyongguan was built as early as the Spring and Autumn Period (770BC - 476BC) and Warring States Period (476BC - 221BC) by the State of Yan. In the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386 - 589), it was linked to the Great Wall of China. This pass served as a natural barrier to the capital of Yuan (1271 - 1368) and Ming (1368 - 1644) Dynasties. Therefore, immediately after Zhu Yuanzhang founded the Ming Dynasty in 1368, he ordered the pass to be rebuilt to protect the borders from intrusions of the nomads. Cloud Platform In the middle of Juyongguan, there is a “Cloud Platform” with another name “Crossing Street Tower”. It was made of white marble in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) with a height of 9.5 meters and width of 26.8 meters. Around the top of the platform there are many structures such as stone railings and a watching post. They are still kept in the style of the Yuan Dynasty. In the middle of the base of the platform there is an arched door where men, horses and carriages could pass through. Many animal images were carved in the arched hole and arched door. On the walls of both sides of the door, the statues of gods and scriptures were also carved. There were three white towers on the platform in the past (this is how it got the name of “Crossing Street Tower”) and were destroyed in the transitional period between the Yuan Dynasty and the Ming Dynasty. Later a Tai'an Temple was built on the platform but was later destroyed in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

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Cloud Platform

In the middle of Juyongguan, there is a “Cloud Platform” with another name “Crossing Street Tower”. It was made of white marble in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) with a height of 9.5 meters and width of 26.8 meters. Around the top of the platform there are many structures such as stone railings and a watching post. They are still kept in the style of the Yuan Dynasty. In the middle of the base of the platform there is an arched door where men, horses and carriages could pass through. Many animal images were carved in the arched hole and arched door. On the walls of both sides of the door, the statues of gods and scriptures were also carved. There were three white towers on the platform in the past (this is how it got the name of “Crossing Street Tower”) and were destroyed in the transitional period between the Yuan Dynasty and the Ming Dynasty. Later a Tai'an Temple was built on the platform but was later destroyed in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

Additional Information

Meng Jiangnv crying over the Great Wall

Among all legends and stories about the Great Wall, the most well-known one is probably the story of Meng Jiangnv crying at the Great Wall. Operas, ballads, and musical narrations featuring this story are widely spread among the Chinese people. The tale is almost known to every household in China and was even written into the text book. Legend has it that Meng Jiangnv’s husband Wan Xiliang was seized by emperor Qinshihuang’s army and sent to build the Great Wall. When autumn came, Mengjiangnv worried that her husband would suffer from the cold in the north, so she walked all the way to the construction site of the Great Wall, taking padded clothes which she had made for him. When she finally got to the Great Wall, she was told that her husband had died and his remains were buried under the Wall. Not knowing exactly where her husband’s body was buried, Meng Jiangnnv was in great sorrow. She cried three days and nights in a row and her wailing touched God. All of a sudden, several miles of the Great Wall collapsed and the remains of Wan Xiliang appeared.

Seigneurs fooled by the Beacon Tower

There is another Great Wall story that is well known all over China. It is called Seigneurs fooled by the Beacon Tower. It is a story happened in the Western Zhou Dynasty. There was a beautiful girl called Baosi who was presented to King You of the Zhou by the Kingdom of Ancient Bao. King You liked her very much, but there was a problem with Baosi. She was born to smile very little. In order to please and make her smile, King You light up the beacon tower to fool the seigneurs. Baosi did smile at the sight of the chaos created by the coming seigneurs. By the time they knew there was nothing going on in the Kingdom of Western Zhou and they were deceived by King You. All the seigneurs left with great anger. Later the Western Zhou was really invaded by the enemy and King You set the beacon tower on fire again to call for help. But no seigneurs came because they were afraid of being cheated again. Thus, King You was killed by the enemy and the Western Zhou came to an end.

Opening Hours

08:00 - 17:00 (Apr. - Oct.)

08:30 - 16:00 (Nov. - Mar.)

Price

Entrance Fee:

¥ 45 (Apr. - Oct.)

¥ 40 (Nov. - Mar.)

Address

Nankou town, Changping district, Beijing

(北京市昌平区南口镇)

Getting There

It’s better to book a private car for round trip, Taxi drivers normally don’t go there

Travel Tips

Make sure to pull over at Parking Lot 4, and there is no cable car at Juyongguan

Last Updated

2018-05-05 17:06:58

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